Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a colorless, odorless gas and is everywhere. Humans exhale it. Plants live on it. It gives soft drinks their fizz. In addition to it being a naturally occurring gas, it is also created when we burn oil or natural gas to generate electricity or power manufacturing plants.
CO2 plays an important role in the atmosphere. It helps trap the sun’s heat, warming our planet and protecting it from the frigid temperatures of outer space. However, too much CO2 in the atmosphere traps too much heat and risks raising the earth’s temperature.
Many things we need produce CO2 including cars, planes, agricultural equipment, and the manufacturing of countless daily essentials and building materials such as steel and concrete. Unfortunately, as the world works to limit the level of CO2 in the atmosphere, we will either need to reduce the amount of CO2 these activities produce, or we will have to limit these activities. However, if we capture CO2 at the manufacturing site before it is released to the atmosphere, we can continue to benefit from activities and products that produce CO2, while meeting climate goals.
Carbon Capture and Storage
Carbon Capture and Storage, or CCS, is a process that will allow Texas' industries that emit carbon dioxide (CO2) to both maintain operations and reduce CO2 emissions by using special equipment to remove the CO2 from their facilities' exhaust before it reaches the air. Once captured, the CO2 can be transported by pipeline to an underground storage area designated by the government for safe and permanent storage. The same type of solid layers of rock that have kept oil and natural gas locked underground for millions of years can safely store CO2.
To help develop their CCS systems, companies that produce CO2 are working with oil and natural gas companies since they are experts at transporting and storing gases. These systems will require building carbon capture equipment at the source, pipelines to carry the captured carbon away from the source and wells to inject the CO2 safely and permanently underground.